词海拾贝:烹调与餐馆

时间:2008-05-13 08:02:02 来源:英语学习网站

1.烹调食物的方法
boil(煮):in water, e.g.carrots
fry(炸):in oil or butter above the heat, e.g.sausages
gril(烤):under the heat , e.g.toast or meat
roast(烧烤):in the oven using oil, e.g.meat
bake(在炉火中烤):in the oven without oil, e.g.cakes

2.肉排
rare(=cooked very quickly and still red 半熟)
medium-rare(cooked a bit longer and just red in the middle 六分熟)
medium(cooked a bit more and just pink 七分熟)
well-done(cooked even longer and not pink at all 全熟)

3.描述食物
tasty(好吃的):has lots of taste
bland(淡而无味的):without a strong taste;neutral in flavour, e.g.boiled rice
sweet(甜的):lots of sugar
salty(咸的):lots of salt
hot/spicy(辣的):lots of spice, e.g.curry
fresh(新鲜的):recently produced, e.g.fresh bread; recently picked, e.g.fresh fruit
tender(很嫩的):easy to cut
fatty(多脂的):meat with a lot of fat
fattening(易增肥的):food which makes you put on weight/get fat, e.g. cream, biscuits

4.在餐馆就餐

In Britain you often have three courses(三道菜):a starter(头道菜)(e.g. soup),a main course(主菜)(e.g. steak or chicken), and a dessert(甜食)(e.g. strawberries or ice cream). You may also have an aperitif(开胃酒)(=a drink before the meal, e.g. gin and tonic), and coffee after the meal. When you pay the bill(账单)(=the money for the meal; AmEng=check支票); you sometimes also leave a tip(=money 小费) for the waiter if service is not included(未包含服务费) in the price. (10% is a normal tip.) If it is a popular restaurant, you may also need to book(=reserve 预定) a table in advance(=before you go 事先).

5.菜谱

Starters:
Broccoli Soup
Home-made Chicken Liver Pate
Tagliatelle with Courgettes, Cream and Bacom

Main Courses:
Baked Salmon with Spinach
Breast of Chicken in a White Wine Sauce with Mushrooms
Grilled Fillet Steak in a Pepper Sauce
Mushroom Risotto

Desserts:
Chocolate Mousse
Fruit Salad
Ice Cream

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