词海拾贝:关于住宅和公寓

时间:2008-04-26 20:54:24 来源:英语学习网站

1.住宅
semi-detached house
双户公寓楼

detached house
独幢房子

terraced houses
台阶排式住宅

front garden
前花园

fence
围栏

gate
大门

front doorbell
前门铃

front door
前门

roof
屋顶

path
小径

garage
车库

drive
车道


2.公寓
my flat
我的公寓

my brother's flat
我哥哥的公寓

steps
阶梯

注:
steps通常建在公寓内外,是石梯或是木梯。
stairs是指建在楼内以连接各楼层,常铺有地毯。

balcony
阳台

I live in a block of flats(公寓楼).My brother lives on the ground floor(一层),and I have a flat on the third floor(四层).Unfortunately there is no lift(电梯),so I have to climb three flights of stairs to reach my flat.But I do have a balcony(阳台) with a wonderful view(景致) of the park opposite the flats.


3.购买和租赁
Some people buy a flat or house(=they own it/it belongs to them 拥有). When they do this in Britain, people usually borrow money from a bank or an organisation called a Buliding Society.This money, which is called a mortgage(抵押贷款), is often paid back over 25 years. Other people rent a house or flat(=they pay money every week or month to the person who owns the house 按周或按月付房租).When they do this, the money they pay is called the rent(租金), and the person who owns the house or flat is the landlord(房东).

最后我们来描述一所公寓或者住宅
The rooms on the ground floor are quite dark(光线暗) because they don't get (=receive 得到)very much sun. They are also quite noisy(很吵) because they are near the roads and the traffic. The other negative thing is that the rooms are draughty(=cold air comes into the room through the windows and under the doors because they don't fit very well 干燥).This means it is expensive to heat the rooms(=to keep the rooms warm 保持室内温度). Fortunately I have a very good central heating system(中央供暖系统).In other ways, it is also very nice:it's in good condition(=in a good state/doesn't need to be repaired 房屋结构很好), and the rooms are huge/enormous(=very,very big).

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